Quando la musica gioca con la scienza

Supertheory of Supereverything – Gogol Bordello

di Silvia Gerola

Per chi non li conoscesse loro sono i Gogol Bordello, gruppo di origine ucraina passato alla ribalta per aver contribuito alla colonna sonora del film Ogni cosa è illuminata. Motivo per cui parlarne è il testo della canzone:

First time I had read the Bible 
It had stroke me as unwitty 
I think it may started rumor 
That the Lord ain’t got no humor 

Put me inside SSC 
Let’s test superstring theory 
Oh yoi yoi accelerate the protons 
stir it twice and then just add me, ‘cause 

I don’t read the Bible 
I don’t trust disciple 
Even if they’re made of marble 
Or Canal Street bling 

From the maelstrom of the knowledge 
Into the labyrinth of doubt 
Frozed underground ocean 
melting – nuking on my mind 

Yes give me Everything Theory 
Without Nazi uniformity 
My brothers are protons 
My sisters are neurons 
Stir it twice, it’s instant family! 

I don’t read the Bible 
I don’t trust disciple 
Even if they’re made of marble 
Or Canal Street bling 

My brothers are protons 
My sisters are neurons 
Stir it twice dlja prekrastnih dam… 

Do you have sex maniacs 
Or schizophrenics 
Or astrophysicists in your family 
Was my grandma anti anti 
Was my grandpa bounty bounty 
Hek-o-hek-o-hej-o 
They ask me in embassy! 

‘Cause I don’t read the Bible 
I don’t trust disciple 
Even if they’re made of marble 
Or Canal Street bling 

And my grandma she was anti! 
And my grandpa he was bounty! 
And stir it twice 
And then just add me! 
Partypartypartypartypartyparty 
now afterparty…

Spesso ci chiediamo quando una cosa possa definirsi scientifica e quando non lo sia. La canzone sicuramente non ha la pretesa di essere scientifica, ma ricorda che, alla fine, siamo tutti parte di una grande famiglia, noi, voi, i neuroni, i protoni, l’antimateria. I Gogol sfidano a non fermarsi alla Bibbia, perché, come dicono The Lord ain’t got no humor. Come dice il titolo c’è una superteoria del supertutto, e forse conoscerla non sarebbe male.

Il gruppo verrà in Italia in luglio, per maggiori informazioni: http://www.gogolbordello.com/tour/future/.

The colour of thought: inside and outside brains in visual art.

di Elena Fanelli

In april 2001 a street exhibition linked with “BrainForum”, the annual forum about neuroscience, opened in Milan.
It was called “The color of thought” and there was almoust 30 panel with giant images of brain events compared to modern art paintings by famous painters of last century.

Here some examples:

To the left of the image of a neuron. To the right of ‘The Fountain’ by Gustav Klimt (1909)

To the left brain damage. To the right ‘Camouflage’ by Andy Warhol (1987)

To the left growing astrocytes. To the right ‘Red Plastic’ by Alberto Burri (1961)

The tecnique they used for make these photos is called “Brainbow” technique and it works some ways like tv or computer monitor.
All colors in old monitors were formed by mixing three primary colors: cyan, magenta and yellow. In graphics is called Tri-color technique.
Actual monitors uses four-color process or more (adding for example green in the primary colors). This is the reason why when you try to run an old videogame the computer asks you to change the monitor resolution to 256 colours.

In neuroscience there was an old tecnique to “coloured” brain cells invented by Camillo Golgi in 1873 but it allowed to color just few neuron at time.
The 256 video resolution.

This new tecnique, developed in the Spring of 2007 by a team led by Jeff W. Lichtman and Joshua R. Sanes, both professors of Molecular & Cellular Biology in the Department of Neurobiology at Harvard Medical School, consist in a genetic engineering stuff.

In substance they have modified the DNA of some mice with inserted fluorescence genes from coral, jellyfish and a bacteria called Cre. And this fluorescents ints hundreds of brain cells at a time in about 90 various colors. And, most important, you can see how cells interact together. Instead of having a vision of just one cell within a circuit, you have a vision of the circuit itself.

Two problems in this tecnique:
1. It works only with modified mice. No normal mice and mostly no human.
2. It cost a fortune. For see this wonderfull pictures you’ve to buy several hundred thousands dollars fluorescent microscopes.

My own speculations about this street exhibition are on the perspective of the humanistic vision of it. I wonder how is possible that something that already exists in nature, although in tiny and hidden form, is visible and paintable for some genius artistic minds.
In some way it’s like they paint what they have in their mind VISUALLY that unconsciously was what their mind was PHYSICALLY.
http://www.brainforum.it/
http://espresso.repubblica.it/multimedia/fotogalleria/28671087
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v450/n7166/full/nature06293.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brainbow